Winter: visits the studio of the Bavarian animal painters, the brothers Benno and Franz Adam, and that of Friedrich Volz, animal painter and landscapist. Early spring: leaves Munich for Switzerland. March - late May: resides in Zurich; works in the studio of Rudolf Roller, Swiss landscape and animal painter. Summer: works from nature in Bernese Oberland, together with Lev Kamenev who came to join him from Russia. Late October: returns to Zurich and Roller's studio.