Gold, filigree, sable fur, precious stones
13th-14th century Oriental work
The crown of the Cap of Monomachus is made of plain gold over which a layer of gold filigree "lace" is laid, decorated with precious stones and pearls, and fringed with sable fur. The Cap of Monomachus, the earliest royal crown and the symbol of the autocracy in Russia, was the subject of numerous legends. One of them connects it with Byzantine Imperial House of Constantine Monomachus. The Emperor, the legend runs, presented the crown together with other regalia to his grandson, Prince Vladimir Monomach of Kiey.